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B Bryan Schafer saw the struggle over and over in the Minneapolis Police Department: Too few investigators for too many rape cases, too many victims never getting justice. When he became police chief in Hastings five years ago, Schafer learned that most of his officers had little or no training in investigating sexual assaults.

Some said they were uncomfortable handling sex crimes and, given a choice, preferred a crime like burglary. An outside review of 86 Hastings sexual assault investigations showed the consequences: Less than one-quarter had resulted in criminal charges.

Scant or nonexistent training for police officers who investigate sexual assaults is a chronic problem across Minnesota.

Neither does the state board that oversees the licensing and training of police officers. In Minneapolis, the police sex crimes unit has had six different supervisors in the past decade, records show. Its six investigators handle twice as many cases as the 12 detectives in homicide. And not one of the nine investigators who worked in the unit in are still there now, records show. Rape victims and their advocates say they are not surprised. Law enforcement agencies that are overworked and undertrained help explain why so few rapists in Minnesota are caught St paul police sex crimes unit punished.

Stubborn and corrosive myths about rape, they say, shadow many investigations. You have a culture, and it starts at the top. A series examining why so few rape St paul police sex crimes unit sexual assault victims Old granny fuck stories Minnesota get justice. Part 1: When rape is reported and nothing happens. Part 2: How repeat rapists slip St paul police sex crimes unit police.

Part 3: How alcohol foils rape investigations. Part 4: Police overwhelmed and undertrained. Part 5: Rejected by the prosecution. Part 6: A victim heard, justice served. Part 7: How rapists avoid prison. Part 8: A better way Nude girl models face investigate rape.

Part 9: When rape is reported and something happens. Watch: Women describe reporting their assaults. L Lack of training appears to be a critical factor in hundreds of sexual assault investigations reviewed by the Star Tribune.

Ina young woman told St. Paul police she had been raped by a colleague who St paul police sex crimes unit her home after an evening of drinks with co-workers. She waited nine months to report the incident, the case file shows, but she brought police Soonam kapoor full nude naked pics pieces of evidence: a sexual assault exam performed at a local hospital, plus text messages and e-mail from the accused man admitting he knew how drunk she was that night.

In his 10 years with the St. Paul Police Department, McCabe has taken more than 1, hours of law enforcement training, according to personnel records obtained by the Star Tribune. The courses included emergency driving, use of firearms, crowd control and managing homicide scenes. He Nude mom tan and son questioned the suspect in person, relying instead on a phone interview.

The St. Paul Police Department said McCabe was not available for an interview, but spokesman Steve Linders defended the investigation. He said the nine-month reporting delay complicated the case and noted that the county prosecutor had no suggestion for further investigation. Whether additional training would have helped is unclear, Linders said, but the department has identified gaps in training and is working hard to address them.

A Star Tribune review of more than 1, Minnesota sexual assault files found hundreds of other cases in which detectives failed to do basic police work, such as collecting evidence Lesbian girls riding dildo questioning suspects in person.

Police officials say training can be costly. Small departments in particular have a hard time fitting classes into packed work schedules and finding officers to cover for missing colleagues, especially when the state already requires training in other subjects, such as firearms use. But research by law enforcement groups confirms the value of training.

Some states, such as New Jersey and Illinois, have adopted broad sexual assault training requirements for all police officers. Massachusetts has long required detectives to take a week long course to be certified as sexual assault investigators.

In Hastings, Schafer sent all of his roughly two dozen officers to specialized training in sex crimes. Every new hire must complete at least three to four hours of outside training in the St paul police sex crimes unit. That makes Hastings an outlier. Smaller departments, too, struggle with staffing and training.

Twelve of the 15 detectives said their units were not adequately staffed to do their best work. Of the 15 detectives, seven had only one course on sexual assault before they began handling investigations. Five had none. Training records obtained by the Star Tribune from 20 law enforcement agencies indicate that many detectives will take, over the St paul police sex crimes unit of their careers, some continuing-education coursework in sexual assault investigations.

But records show that the courses can be as brief as a one-hour webinar, and their instructors do not have to be accredited or credentialed by the state. Mike Martin St paul police sex crimes unit no experience handling sex crimes when he was assigned to run the sex crimes unit of the Minneapolis Police Department in He specialized in criminal gangs. Any doubt Martin may have had about the value of high-quality training vanished after he took his detectives for instruction in a new investigative approach called the Forensic Experiential Trauma Interview FETI.

Detectives are taught to use open-ended questions or ask about sensory impressions to help unlock clues from a traumatic incident. A woman had reported being raped at gunpoint by a stranger as she left a south Minneapolis bar. There was no DNA match from her sexual assault exam, and she had trouble recalling details because she had been drinking. The detective asked the woman to recall any unusual sensory impressions during the assault, such as sounds or smells. Examining the Uptown alley where the rape happened, detectives found a yard where the grass had indeed been freshly cut.

Searching the grass, they found a cellphone St paul police sex crimes unit ultimately led them to the suspect and helped win a conviction, Martin said. They say police executives must hold investigators accountable, commission outside audits of their work and change police culture.

Laura Goodman, a retired deputy police chief of Brooklyn Center and a former ombudsman for the Minnesota Office of Crime Victims, called the root problem gender bias. Robbery gets the windows. The unit also had no operations manual, a document that would list best practices and protocols for investigations. And although many of his investigators were very talented, he said, they were drowning in cases.

Martin said he reviewed new reports every morning, assigning a detective to every case where it was clear that a crime had been committed. Martin said he did his best, but after a year in the unit he retired and took a job at the University of Minnesota. His successor, Lt. Even so, the sheer volume of cases meant that his job amounted to triage, said Sauro and other department veterans. He acknowledged, for example, that one case probably got set aside because the victim had a criminal history.

Police files reviewed by the Star Tribune show dozens of rape cases in which police failed to investigate suspects even though they had been accused of, charged with or convicted of sexual assault in previous incidents — sometimes more than once.

T Top officials at the Minneapolis Police Department acknowledge problems in its handling of sexual St paul police sex crimes unit cases. They say they are working to address them. But Deputy Chief Eric Fors, who oversees the investigations bureau that houses the sex crimes unit, disputed the charge that sexual assaults receive lower priority, or that supervising the unit is a dog house assignment for command staff.

Last month, department officials announced that they will hire a full-time advocate to guide victims through the complex course of an investigation. That position had been under consideration for months but was approved only after the Star Tribune published a story in July documenting pervasive breakdowns in sexual assault investigations in Minnesota.

After the Star Tribune reported that some three-fourths of sexual assault cases were never forwarded to a prosecutor, Hennepin County Attorney Mike Freeman announced changes too; he plans to station one of his attorneys inside the Minneapolis sex crimes unit to collaborate with detectives and help develop evidence. His office is awaiting county board approval to fill that position.

Mandi, a married mother of two, asked that her surname not be used, but allowed the Star Tribune to review her police file. She and a girlfriend had driven to the Twin Cities for the game and booked a hotel room for the night. She said she woke up in a concrete stairwell, pinned to the steps, with one of the men raping her. In intense pain, she tried to push him off, she said. Passersby helped her back to her hotel, where she and her friend called police and went to the hospital for a sexual assault exam.

A few days later, as bruises formed across her body, she got a phone call from Minneapolis police investigator Sgt. Danyelle DeRose. DeRose had joined the sex crimes unit just two days earlier.

The case file shows that DeRose telephoned the suspect, who said she had made romantic advances, had led him to the parking ramp and had engaged in consensual sex. Catherine Johnson, a former sex crimes detective in Kansas City, Mo. In Minnesota, police departments assign too few officers with too little training to investigate rapes. The same year, eight sex crimes detectives investigated cases. Then he discovered it was not only a big-city problem.

Schafer was shocked. Constant turnover and thin ranks compound the problem. Part 1: When rape is reported and nothing happens Part 2: How repeat rapists slip by police Part 3: How Ghost in the shell hentia foils rape investigations Part 4: Police overwhelmed and undertrained Part 5: Rejected by the prosecution Part 6: A victim heard, justice served Part 7: How rapists avoid prison Part 8: A better way to investigate rape Part 9: When rape is reported and something happens Watch: Women describe reporting their assaults.

Her case landed on the desk of sex crimes investigator Sgt. David McCabe. Most credible studies put the figure at 5 percent or less.

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